Functional Movement System – FMS

Monitoring motor skills of a player using functional tests is a starting point to evaluate movement and plan the process of correcting movement patterns. One of the diagnostic tools used to evaluate the functionality is FMS - Functional Movement System.

FMS is a set of tests being a part of functional assessment system which focuses mainly on the quality of the movement. It is worth emphasizing that this tool is sort of a filter to capture global movement pattern information.  The data obtained shows the source of the problem and the ways of its compensation.

FMS provokes the usage of appropriate movement patterns by your body which helps identifying functional limitations and movement asymmetry.

Functional Movement System consists of 7tests:

  1. Deep squat.
  2. Hurdle step.
  3. In-line lunge.
  4. Shoulder mobility.
  5. Active straight-leg raise.
  6. Trunk stability push-up.
  7. Rotary stability.

 In all the exercises you will be evaluated according to the 0-3 scale where:

  • 3 – perform a correct movement pattern
  • 2 – perform a movement pattern with compensation
  • 1 – unable to perform movement pattern
  • 0 – pain with movement pattern

Each trial needs to be done twice and the better result is assessed. When it comes to asymmetrical trials, weaker part of the body is assessed and we note down the lower score. It will help to see the differences between right and left side of the body.

Based on research, scoring ranges have been developed which allowed to establish some dependencies:

  • 18–21 points – the body is moving within the right movement pattern, the risk of overload injury is minimal
  • 14–18 points - there are asymmetries and compensations, the movement patterns are disturbed, risk of overload injury: 25%–35%
  • 13 points or less - the likelihood of injury increases to over 50%


Thanks to the FMS test result, you know where you stand!

PSS physiotherapy consultant, Bartosz Kot

Bartosz Kot, Physiotherapy